Soy Candle Making

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Everything You Need To Know About Candle Making: where to find supplies, how much wax to use, what temperature to melt the wax, and so much more!

Are Your Ready to Ignite Your Soy Candle Making Desire?

Soy candle making is a lot like making bath bombs. You can fully experiment with scents and colors. Even choosing the containers for candles is a whole lot of fun! And just like making bath bombs, you never know exactly how the color or scent will come out until you use it. But, there are a few things you should consider before gathering your candle making supplies.

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Why Make Natural Candles?

Unfortunately, many store-bought candles are filled with chemicals such as carcinogens and phthalates (Farley, 2016). Never heard of phthalates? They are hormone-disrupting chemicals that are a health risk to babies, young children, men, and women (Powers, 2007). Phthalates can aggravate asthma and are linked to increased incidences of breast cancer (Stuart, 2016).

Anytime we are burning typical store-bought candles, chemicals can linger in our home. Which in effect can cause the air in our homes to become fairly unhealthy. Luckily, we can leave the chemically made candles at the store and make our own!

Your Guide to Natural Soy Candle Making, like how to scent candles and how much wax to use...

Natural Soy Candle Making Supplies:

I can attest that picking up supplies for candle making can be inconvenient. It can take what seems like half a day trying to find the supplies you want and need. So, I’m including a link where possible to order online as we talk about the soy candle making supplies you’ll need.

Candle Wicks

Have you ever noticed a small wire in the center of cotton candle wick after lighting it?

Well, that wire happens to be a lead core and when burned it emits lead into the air. Yep, that’s pretty crappy, right?

But, did you know is it illegal to manufacture candles in the United States with lead-cored wicks? While that is great news, candles made overseas and sold in the U.S. can still contain lead.

With that in mind, wood wicks make a great alternative to cotton wicks. They are non-toxic, eco-friendly, and can be readily made from organic renewable resources. You’ll also need little metal clips to hold the wood wicks in a place like the ones in the photo above.

And as a bonus wood wicks add to the ambiance of a beautiful flickering flame with a soft crackling sound. It is reminiscent of a cozy night spent by the fireside. What’s not to love?

Another option is natural cotton wicks. And pre-waxed cotton wicks are the easiest to use. Just make sure you buy healthy ones like these, made without paraffin wax or other additives. 

However, the downside to using cotton wicks is centering the wick. It is really tricky to center a wick. I’ve tried lots of ideas like tying wicks to pencils and bamboo skewers. But, what works best is a centering device. You really need the wick to be held in the center during the pouring and setting process.  I got my first centering devices with this candle making kit. They have handy options to set for multiple widths and they can withstand the heat of the wax.

Candle Wax

Paraffin wax is the most commonly used wax in candles. Unfortunately, it is a byproduct of the petroleum industry. As such paraffin wax releases toxic carcinogens including acrolein, acetaldehyde, and formaldehyde according to the EPA ( Knight & Levin, 2001).

Natural waxes like soy and beeswax are excellent sources for candles. In fact, you can make a half dozen soy wax candles at home in just an hours’ time all while leaving the yucky stuff out!

And what I really love about soy wax – it’s non-toxic, biodegradable, renewable, and cleans up if spilled with just warm water.

I buy my soy candle wax by the pound in flakes here. It’s really easy to measure out that way.

How to make non toxic candles for your homestead.

Candle Containers

You truly can use a variety of options for containers. Take stock of your pantry for containers like mason jars. Or visit your local antique shop for teacups and other unique containers. I personally love these 4-ounce amber glass jars with lids and metal candle tins. Sometimes I find colorful ramekins in the thrifty Spot section at Target. And when I’m feeling very creative I make lemon bowl candles as seen in the top left corner of the photo above. 

Candle Pouring Pitcher

This one always seems to throw people off. What is a candle pouring pitcher? It’s a big pitcher to safely melt wax in and pour it out. Can you melt wax in a pot on the stove? Sure, but that’s pretty messy and it’s really difficult to pour the wax evenly.

A candle pouring pitcher has a spout and a plastic handle that stays cool. Which makes pouring candles a breeze. This is the candle pouring pitcher I use, it holds up to four pounds of wax. See it in the bottom right corner of the photo above.

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How Do You Fragrance Non-Toxic Candles?

It’s easy to create your favorite candle scents with essential oils and natural extracts. How much essential oil to do you use to make candles?

I recommend adding a half an ounce to one ounce of essential oils per one pound of wax. If you are combining a few different essential oils like lemon and rosemary make sure to split up the amount. The same goes for using natural extracts like pumpkin spice or caramel.

What are your favorite candle scents?

  • Caramel
  • Jasmine
  • Pumpkin
  • Lemon
  • Cinnamon
  • Lavender
  • Pine
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    Soy Candle Making Tips:

    I’ll be honest the first time I made candles was stressful. Worrying about burning the wax, getting the wicks in the center of each container, and adding the scents at the right temperature – is a lot to handle!  

    But, you know what? They turned out great! And I was hooked from the start on soy candle making.

    So, here’s a few tips to help your soy candle making be less stressful from the get-go.  And once you get the hang of it, you’ll be hooked on making candles too

    Candle Making Made Easy with detailed need to know information spelled out for you.

    What temperature do you pour soy wax?

    When making candles the temperature of the wax is one of the most important steps to achieve professional candle results. Therefore you will need a candle thermometer. One with a clip like this is best to use, as it will clip inside your candle making pitcher, keeping your hands free. If you don’t have one you could use a candy thermometer, but you may not want to make candy with it after.

    Overall soy wax should be poured anywhere between 120 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep in mind, soy wax can be quite sensitive to temperature as it is a softer wax than the typical paraffin. Do not heat it above 200 degrees Fahrenheit to avoid burning and discoloration.

    What’s the best temperature to add essential oils to soy wax?

    Fragrance oils for candle making come with flashpoints listed on the labels. Essential oils do not. Which can make it difficult for figuring out what temperature to add essential oils to soy wax.

    In my experience, if you add essential oils at a temperature above 125 degrees Fahrenheit the scent does not blend well. I see the best results by adding essential oils at 120 degrees Fahrenheit with a two-minute stir.

    How much wax do you need for a candle?

    The answer to that requires a bit of math. So get your calculator, just kidding. You’ve got this!

    1 pound of soy wax is equal to 16 ounces. So, if you want to make two 8 ounce jars you’ll need one pound of wax. The same goes for four 4 ounce jars.

    When measuring soy wax flakes use a digital kitchen scale to get an exact measurement. Otherwise, you’ll be left to much wax or not enough for your containers.

    How to Make Candles for Beginners

    Now that we covered the most asked questions about candle making and where to find candle making supplies, it’s time to make your first candles!! To keep things simple we’re going to start with a basic recipe. It’s one I’ve used time and time again with great success! This beginner candle recipe will make 4 average-sized candles. 

    Here’s what you’ll need:

    Instructions to make candles:

    Insert a wood wick into metal clips. For a louder crackling sound, double up the wood wicks. The add a glue dot to the base of the metal clip. Place it in the center base of one glass jar. Repeat for all four until you have 4 jars with wicks inserted and set aside. 

    Next, fill a large saucepan with about 2 inches of water and place it on the stove to heat. Measure 1 pound of soy wax flakes with a digital kitchen scale

    Pour measured wax into a candle pitcher and set it inside the large saucepan. Whisk often and heat on low heat, up to a simmer at most, until melted using the double boiler method. 

    Remove from heat immediately to avoid wax from becoming too hot. Insert a candle thermometer and clip it to the inside of the pitcher. Let the wax cool to 120°F to 125°F before adding essential oils or other fragrance. 

    Once the wax has cooled to 120°F to 125°F add fragrance and whisk for 2 minutes to thoroughly combine. Carefully pour the scented soy wax into prepared jars. Let cool 1 hour or more until the wax is hard and white before cutting wicks to an inch or so.

    Wait 24 hours before burning candles. The top may look solid but the middle or bottom could take several hours to harden.

    So, here’s a few tips to help your soy candle making be easy from the get-go.  And once you get the hang of it, you’ll be hooked on making candles too.

    Are you ready to begin more soy candle making now? Browse my candle making recipes here.  Have more questions? Pop one in the comment box for me below!

    References

    Farley, P. (2016) Essential Oil Diffuser Recipes: 100+ of the best aromatherapy blends for home, health, and family. CreateSpace. Charleston, SC.

    Knight, L and Levin, A. (2001). Candles and incense as potential sources of indoor air pollution: market analysis and literature review. Environmental Protection Agency. Research Triangle Park, NC: Report EPA-600/R-01-001.

    Powers, J. (Sept 2007). Common Air Fresheners Contain Chemicals That May Affect Human Reproductive Development. New York, NY: Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)

    Stuart, A. (2016) Go Lo Tox. New South Wales, Australia.

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    4 Comments

    1. Reply

      Lucia

      I would love to start making these candles, but, where are the instructions?

      • Reply

        lifenreflection

        Lucia, happy to hear that, candles are so much fun to make! Next to the last photo in the article is a link to all our candle making recipes. You can also find them by going to the top menu: Natural Living and selecting candlemaking from the drop down.

    2. Reply

      Annette

      Thank you so much for this wonderful insight! Can’t wait to get started! I was wondering about how well the glue dots hold when the wick is low. In a video, someone mentioned to make sure the glue heat was high heat resistant because because the burning wick can tip and burn through thin glass and be a fire hazard. Was wondering your thoughts and experience? Thank you so much for being so helpful

      • Reply

        lifenreflection

        The glue dot is only helpful when placing the wick. Once you pour melted wax around it and the wax hardens, it holds the wick in place not the glue dot.

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